In order to remember the contribution of tribal communities to the history and culture of the nation, the Central Government of India has decided that on November 15, Tribal Pride Day will be celebrated across the country. The aim of this festival is to inspire the coming generations to preserve cultural heritage and national pride. Along with this, the central government of India has come up with many schemes for the tribal, which if followed properly, will be beneficial for this community. In this article, you can take a look what are the schemes for the Indian Tribal Community, and how they will be benefited from the Central Government Schemes!
Facing very difficult conditions, the tribal society lives in the forests among the dense forests of the far-flung areas of the country. The members of the tribal society have been leading a very difficult life and the contribution of this society to the protection of the forests of the country has been incomparable. Since this society lives in remote areas of India, the benefits of economic development of the country are rarely available to the members of this society.
In this context, the central government and many state governments have started many schemes, especially for the tribal society with the aim that the members of this society can be included in the mainstream of national development and the difficult lifestyle of this society can be reduced to some extent. to be made easier.
- According to the 2011 census in India, the total population of Scheduled Tribes is 10.43 crores, which is 8.6 percent of the total population of India. Efforts have also been made to include the members of tribal society in the mainstream of Indian politics and many talented members of this society have even reached the posts of ministers of the central government, governors, and chief ministers of the state. Today the President of India Mrs. Draupadi Murmu also comes from a tribal society.
A special portal has been created by the Central Government with the objective of providing detailed information about the various schemes being run for their benefit by keeping the tribal society at the center. Whose link is – National Portal of Government of India https://www.india.gov.in/schemes-ministry-tribal-affairs- After clicking this link, You must find the schemes of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
Get information on schemes for students such as the Post Matric Scholarship (PMS) for ST students, the upgradation of Merit of ST students, Vocational Training Centres in tribal areas, the establishment of ashram schools in tribal sub-plan areas, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for ST students, etc.
Users can also find links for schemes on the marketing of tribal produce, investment in TRIFED, and development of Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs), etc.
Various schemes being run by the central government for the tribal society are being run in two ways. The direct benefits of many schemes are provided to the members of the tribal society. Also, under some schemes, special central assistance and grants are provided to the state governments, and these schemes are implemented by the state governments.
For example, special central assistance is provided to the States/UTs through the Tribal Sub-Plan to meet the efforts made for tribal development. The basic purpose of this assistance is from the following schemes of family income generation such as agriculture, horticulture, minor irrigation, soil conservation, animal husbandry, forest, education, cooperatives, fisheries, village, small-scale industries, and programs related to minimum needs.
Similarly, grants are also given to the States/UTs to meet the cost of projects for tribal development and to bring the administration level of the Scheduled Areas at par with that of the States/UTs. Part of the said funds is also used for setting up residential schools to provide quality education to the students of tribal society.
The above two schemes related to providing finance to the state governments have been described only, for example, otherwise, many similar schemes are being run by the central government. In this episode, many schemes are being run by the central government with the aim of providing benefits directly to the members of the tribal society. These mainly include –
- Planning for the development of tribal products and product marketing;
- A scheme for marketing Minor Forest Produce through Minimum Support Price (MSP) for the development of the value chain of the MSP Scheme;
- A scheme of institutional support for the development and marketing of tribal products or a manufacturing plan;
- A Scheme for providing financial assistance under the Vocational Training Scheme in tribal areas;
- A plan for setting up vocational training centers in tribal areas;
- Grant Scheme for Tribal Research Institutes;
- Scheme of Financial Assistance to support Centers of Excellence, the benefits of which are extended to Universities and Institutions working in the field of Tribal Development and Research. The objective of the scheme is to enhance and strengthen the institutional resource capabilities of various NGOs to conduct qualitative, action-oriented, and policy research on tribal communities by these research institutes and university departments;
- Scheme for providing equity assistance to the National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC) and State Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (STFDC). The scheme is funded by the Central Government and launched by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs;
- A scheme for the establishment of tribal residential schools;
- A Central Sector Scholarship Scheme for ST students;
- A scheme for the upgradation of merit of ST students;
- National Overseas Scholarship Scheme for ST students. Detailed information on all the above schemes is available on the above-mentioned portal.
Tribal Pride Day gives you a chance to see what Indian Tribal Communities are making. Visit https://trifed.tribal.gov.in/retail-market/product-category/ https://trifed.tribal.gov.in/
Similarly, along with the central government, many state governments also operate some schemes independently for the benefit of the tribal society.
There are 89 tribal development blocks in Madhya Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh is counted among the tribal-dominated areas of India and Madhya Pradesh has a diverse, rich, and glorious tribal heritage, which is not only being conserved and promoted in Madhya Pradesh but also for the overall development of tribal areas and for the welfare of tribals.
- Various works are also being done. Madhya Pradesh is home to 14.64% of the total tribal population of India.
- India has 10 crores 45 lakh tribal population, while in Madhya Pradesh 01 crore There is a 53 lakh tribal population. The percentage of tribal population in the total population of India is 8.63 and in Madhya Pradesh, the percentage of tribal population in the total population is 21.09.
- The tribal sub-plan area in Madhya Pradesh is 30.19% of the total area.
- There are 26 major, 5 medium, and 6 small tribal development projects in the state and 30 major pockets. There are 21 tribal districts out of 52 districts in Madhya Pradesh, out of which 6 are fully tribal-dominated districts and 15 are partially tribal-dominated districts.
- There are 89 tribal development blocks in Madhya Pradesh. In 15 districts of Madhya Pradesh, 11 special backward caste group agencies of special backward tribes Baiga, Bharia, and Sahariya are operating.
Know more about Madhya Pradesh Tribals at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qcUPfnMRVwI
Madhya Pradesh government is running various welfare schemes for the socio-economic and educational development of the tribes as well as for their health and development of tribal-dominated areas.
(1) A diet grant scheme is being operated in 15 districts dominated by special backward tribes of Madhya Pradesh, under which Rs. 1000 is deposited.
(2) Under the Akanksha scheme, free coaching and hostel facilities are provided to the meritorious students of classes 11th and 12th of the scheduled tribes for the preparation of national competitive examinations like JEE, NEET, and CLAT.
(3) Under the Pratibha Yojana, students belonging to the tribes are given incentives for admission to higher government educational institutions.
(4) On passing the examination of IIT, AIIMS, CLAT, and NDA, on admission to higher educational institutions, Rs. 50 thousand and for taking admission through other examinations JEE, NEET, NIIT, FDDI, NIFT, IHM Rs. An amount of Rs 25,000 is provided.
(5) Students of Scheduled Tribes studying in the college, who are studying in other cities outside the home town, they will get Rs.2000 at the divisional level, Rs.1250 at the district level, and Rs.1000 at the development block and tehsil level for their accommodation there. Monthly financial assistance is provided under the housing assistance scheme.
(6) Similar assistance is also provided to ST students for studies in higher educational institutions located abroad.
(7) For the educational development of ST students, from primary schools in 89 tribal development blocks of the state to Higher secondary level schools are being run in which pre-matric and post-matric scholarships are being given to the students.
(8) Financial assistance is provided to such students of Scheduled Tribes of Madhya Pradesh, who are getting coaching from private institutions in the Civil Services Examination. Along with this, such students of the Scheduled Tribes state, who pass the preliminary examination of the Civil Services Examination, will be given Rs.
(9) With the aim of popularizing tribal folk artifacts and products in Madhya Pradesh and benefitting the tribals, their GI tagging is being done. 10 tribal folk artifacts and products in the first phase The process of conducting GI tracking has been started.